DOT Employee Drug & Alcohol Testing Facts

Safety is the number one priority of the US Department of Transportation. An essential task of their safety policy is ensuring that transportation providers across roads, rails, water, or over air, land, and underground are 100 percent drug and alcohol-free. For information about DOT drug and alcohol testing, read on!

DOT Drug & Alcohol Testing Information

Who is Subject to DOT Testing?

Any job designated DOT is subject to employee drug and alcohol testing. These jobs are often performed near the public, in the interest of keeping the public safe, or operate dangerous machinery so drug and alcohol testing is essential to make sure employees can perform their jobs safely. The following safety-sensitive jobs require testing:

  • Aviation (FAA)
  • Commercial Motor Carriers (FMCSA)
  • Maritime (USCG)
  • Pipeline (PHMSA)
  • Railroad (FRA)
  • Transit (FTA)

What Drugs Does DOT Test For?

DOT drug tests are conducted using urine specimens only, then they are analyzed for the following drugs/metabolites:

  • Marijuana metabolites/THC
  • Cocaine metabolites
  • Amphetamines (including methamphetamine and MDMA)
  • Opiates (including codeine, heroin, and morphine)
  • Phencyclidine (PCP)

When Can I Be Tested?

Safety-sensitive employees are subject to drug or alcohol testing in the following

  • Pre-employment
  • Reasonable Suspicion/Cause
  • Random
  • Return-to-duty
  • Follow-up
  • Post-Accident

Test Refusal and Violation

If you do test positive, refuse a test, or violate DOT drug & alcohol rules then the following actions will be taken.

  • A supervisor or company official will immediately remove you from your DOT safety-sensitive duties.
  • You will not be allowed to return to perform your duties until you have:
    • Undergone an evaluation by a Substance Abuse Professional
    • Completed any education, counseling, and/or treatment prescribed by
      the SAP prior to returning
    • Presented a negative test result for drugs and/or a test result of less than 0.02 for alcohol

For workplace drug and alcohol testing that meets all DOT testing requirements, contact your nearest Test Smartly Labs today!

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